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Robert Todd Carroll

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翡  ࿡    10Ⱓ 14% 26% ߴ. (̱)

 

DR Congo's unhappy child 'witches'

Horrific murders in name of ritual medicine

HUNDREDS of women, men and children are charged every year with practising witchcraft in the Central African Republic, a crime punishable by execution or imprisonment.

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witches,

"() . (Though shalt not suffer a witch to live)," ֱ(22:18) ̴. ̸ ٸ ɵ  ฦ  ϰ Ȥ ׳ ϰ Ǿ. ſ ݶ ׸ ʾҴ ź հ ϴٰ Ѵ.

ó Ϲ İ ԰, ڸ ڷ縦 Ÿ ư ȴ. žӽ ǸԵ ̵ ҷ ( : 10 , ̶ ϴµ װ ⵶ dz ȭϱ ؼ ' (ؿ)'̶ ȣĪ߱ ̴.) ó Դ´. Ҹ ȭ ฦ, ڿ ( , ε , , Ÿ ٸ Ʈ ɷ) ̹ ׷Ҵ. ( : ǥ ȭ "̽Ʈ ") ̰̳ ׸ ε Ҹµ ̰ Ϻ žӽ ⵶ε ׵ (witchcraft) θٰ ϰų, Ȥ ̰̳ ε ̳ Ȥ (craft) θٰ ߱ ̴. ̵  ̵ ڽŵ "" ϱ⵵ ϸ ׵ "covens"̶ θ. (Ϻ ׵ ̶ θ ſ ȾѴ.) ̵  ڽŵ "sorcerers" θ ź Ѵ. ̵ ź ź ڿ Ʈ ִٰ ϴ ǽ Ѵ. (̵ Ϻδ ׵ "sorcerers" θ ȾѴ. ) , κ ź Ʈ Ȥ ڿ 缳 ڿ ̰ǵ ׸ Ȥ Ʈ Ư (Druidism) Ǿ ִ. ̰ǵ ڸ ڸฦ witch θ. θ ̵ ڿ ī̴.

⵶ ȭ ׵ ź 踦 ϸ ̿ؼ ° ϴ ˷. ȭ 15⿡ 18 Ǹ ȸ(witches' Sabbath) 翡 ãƺ ִ. Ǹ ȸ ̻縦 ϴ ǽ̴. ߿ ڷ糪 Ҹ Ÿ ư Ǹ ִ Ƚ ȸ ϱ ؼ ư.  Ǹ ִ β, , Ȥ ҷ ǰ ̻縦 ϴ ȸ Ѵ. ׵ ߱⵵ ϸ, ȸ ϰ, ū ⵵ Ѵ. ȸ ִ ̵, Ȥ ִ ĵ Ե ִ. Ƹ ٸ ġų Ǵ ̰ų Ȥ Ҹ ܽ۵ ̴. (de Givry, p. 83). ź ź ü Ʒ ڱ ´. Ǹ Ȥ satyr ( ݼ ) Ǵ ̳ , ׸/Ȥ ̻ ź Ǵµ ̰ и õ ׸ ̴. Ǹ ȸ Ư Ư¡ Ǹ ̿ Ű ϴ ǽ ִٴ ̴(de Givry, p. 87). ̰ и ׸ ڵ ݰ ڵ ̳ Ű ϴ ϴ ̴. Ƚ Ҵٰ ϰ ִ. 17 ߹ݿ ġ ҳ ' Ŭ ڽƮ(Anne Jacqueline Coste)' 㿡 ׳ ģ Բ Ÿ Ҹ

̷ Ÿ Ҹ Ҹ 鸮 캸ٰ ׵ Ʒ ̿ , (serpents), , ׸ ϰ, ϰ, ׵ ȸ ϰ ִ Ҵ. ̵ ׹̾ ׵ ִ ܼ ż ϰ ص ż ⸦ ־. (de Givry, p. 76).

̷ ̾߱ ⵿̳ ־, žӽ ⵶ε鿡 ؼ Ǽ ݵ ǽɾ ޾Ƶ鿩. ̷ ̾߱ ̶ ֵ ʰ Ȯ Ǿ.

Pierre de l'Ancre õ, Ǹ ׸ ȯ(sorcerers) å 1610⿡ Ⱓߴ. å ״ Ǹ ȸ Ҵٰ ߴ. ڼ 簡 ִ.

ӿ մԵ . ׳ Ѹ Ǹ پ ȸ Ŵ޾ ħʸ  ⵶ ڵ鿡Դ ͼ ִ. ̰͵ ұ ġ ʾҴ. ( : 濡 Ѵ. Ծ ʵȴ.)

de l'Ancre å̳ Ⱓ ǰ Ǹ ȸ ӷ 㱸 ȥ ִ ޾Ƶ鿩 ʾҴ. ̷ 츮 ⿣ ͹ ո ÿ 鸸 žӽ ޾Ƶ鿩. ̻ 鵵 ̿ ̾߱ ̸ Ƹ԰ ǽ ؼ ̰ ̿ Ҿ ̳ ź ⿡ ؼ ̾߱ Ѵٴ ̴.

ְ, Ŀٶ ׸ û ִ ź â, ġ , ̵ չ , ڵ Ŀٶ ⸦ ׵ ٸ ̿ ְ ٸ Ǹ ҿ 踦 Ϸ ư , ׵ Ŵɷ ִٴ ͵ ؼ ̵ 鿡 ܵ ̴. ܿ witchcraft ̸ ̰ ⵶ â а żϰ ſ 巯 ׶Ǹ ٷ ȭ۵ Ǿٰ Ѵ.

и Ư ð񿡼 ̰ǰ Ǵ ذ ־ٴ ǽ . ׷ ް չ ߷ ڵ鿡Լ ڹ , ׵ ¿ ؼ â ƴ϶ ϱⰡ ƴ. ǰ Ƿ ϰ ׵ پϰ Ư ̱ ׵ õ ڵ鿡 Ǹ ϴٴ ɾ־. ԰ Ⱑ ӵǾ. 1682 ʾҴ. ̱ 1692 Ż߼ 췽濡 19 ״. (1711 Ż ȸ ߵ 6 ߴ. 1957 ȸ Ann Pudeator "ٸ  " ϴ ǹ ״. ̵ ̸ 2001⿡ ̵ ϴ ȿ ִ.)

    ฦ ó 1793 忡 Ͼ. ó õ 1900 Ϸ忴, ̰ ΰ డ ҿ ׳ฦ ¿ ̷ߴ ־. (Smith, p. 295).

ź Ѽ ȸ ¡ ǽ 䳻 Ұ潺 Ϸ ⵶ ɸ ̴ Ƿ ȸ Ǿ. 󸶳 , ̱ Ȥ žӽ 鿡 ؼ ްų ȭǾ η ⵶ ȸü ־. ߴϴ ˰ Ǵ Ͱ ̾. װ ϴ ϴ ̴. ׳డ డ ƴϰ (witchcraft) ʴ´ٰ ̴. ׷ ׳ฦ . ׳డ ɾ ״´ٸ ׳డ డ ƴ϶ ȴ. ׳డ ģٸ 츮 Ǹ ׳ฦ ִ ̴. ׳ฦ  ȭѶ, ȸ Ǹ ʱ ̴! ȸ ġ 鿡 Ż̳ Ʋ ġ ɰϴ ̴. Ż Ʋ ġ ⵿ ̾ ׵ ġ ѵǾ ִ. ׷ ȸ ġ ⵶ ȸ ģ ̾. ȸ ġ ַ ǥ Ҵ. ׷Ƿ ó ڽ θ ׸, ̱, Ȥ ߽ Ǵ 翬 ̴. ̷ ȸ ϴ (, ̴ ƴϴ ε ǰ Ȱ) ϰ ȸ ϴ (ڱ ׸ Ұ ) ϴ ̻ ƴϴ. ׵ ϰڴ°?

( : ۿ ؼ ״ ϴ ƴմϴ. ɰ ̱ ణ ٸ, ʱ⿣ ȯڶ ؼ ó޾ƾ ϴ 簡 ƴ϶ ҽ 翴ٰ 1400밡 Ǹ鼭 簡 Ǿ Ƚϴ. ַ 1600븦 Ͽ Ŀ Ͼϴ. ڿ ǰ ٸ ε鿡 ؼ ַ ٴ ε ǽɽϴ. ߴٴ Ͱ ε ɿ ̶ ٸ ε 밳 ηڵ ġ ü ֽϴ. ̷ ɿ ڼ TV ťŸ Ȥ å θ ˷ ڸ 츮 , ī ڿ ص ֽϴ. ϴµ Ѹ ġ ̾ϴ. ϰ Ͼϴ. θ Ͼ ɺٴ , ״, , Ͼ ξ 뵵ÿ ƴ϶ ̽ ð񿡼 κ Ͼϴ.)

õ ׸ : magick, miracles, pagans, satan, sorcery, warlock and wicca.


б ڷ

Carus, Paul. The History of the Devil and the Idea of Evil (Gramercy, 1996) reproduction of the original 1900 edition.

de Givry, Grillot. Witchcraft, Magic & Alchemy, trans. J. Locke (New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1971), an unabridged republication of the Houghton Mifflin edition of 1931.

Hicks, Robert D. In Pursuit of Satan : the Police and the Occult (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1991).

Hill, Frances. A Delusion of Satan - The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trials (New York: Doubleday, 1995).

Sagan, Carl. The Demon-Haunted World - Science as a Candle in the Dark, ch. 7 "The Demon-Haunted World," (New York: Random House, 1995). Chapter 24 is written with Ann Druyen and contains a synopsis of Friedrich von Spee's Cautio Criminalis (Precautions for Prosecutors) (1631), which details the irrational and sadistic methods of the witchhunters.

Copyright 2000
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 11/13/00

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