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theosophy, ()


    ִ ϳ̰, ȥ (Universal Spirit) ̴. 츮 " ھ" Ͽ 巯 ̴. ׷Ƿ ̷ ְ ŵǸ ŵ , ٽ ؼ, 츮 ü Ǹ ɼ, ǽİ ü Ȱ ɼ, ῡ ų, Ȥ Ʈ ¿ , Ȥ ɶ, ̷ ھư Ÿ ȴ. ̰ ܰ Ƿ ( ߿ Ÿ.) 츮 ̴. [ Ű] 

    "츮 ü ϴ ִ. ġ . [Socrates of Platon, Phaedrus]"  

    öڿ ־ ü "ع̰, ȹ ǥ ϴ ȥ ϰ ִ..." 

    " ... ȭΰ ׷... ü ϴ 罽κ ȥ عŰ ?"[Socrates of Platon, Phaedrus]


, Ȥ (divine wisdom), ð ƴϰ ظ ؼ ִٰ ϴ ö źǸ ǹϰų, ź Ʈ ö ȥ бesotericism ǹѴ. б ˰ ִٰ Ѵ.

źǴ Platon(c. 427-347 BCE), Ƽ뽺 (204/5-270) ׸ Platon , ׸ Jakob Boehme(1575-1624) ż ٰ ִ. źǴ, 19 ô뿡 öп ߴ. ź , ε öа öп ſ ҷ ӵǰ ִ.

б ﷹ Ʈκ곪 Ű(1831-1891) ߴ. Ű ̸ ˷ ׳, 1875ⴺ忡 â ȸ â ̴. Ű бҴ  ö 뿡 ִ. ߿ Ư ξƽͱ, α, (׳ý), ϱ, ī߶ ִ.

׳ฦ ϴ , Ű߸ " õǰ, ϰ, ִ "̶ ִ. ׳ źڴ, ׳ฦ (Saint)̸, õ ִ. [̷ , ׳డ Ʒð , (clairvoyance)Ȥ ̿ؼ, ߰ߴٰ Ѵ.] ̷ Ư¡ Ǵ ƴϱ , ׳ Ͱ ÿ ż õ翴 ִ. Ű ؼ Ͼ ִ ͵ κ, ׳ ڽŰ ׳ ź, Ȥ ׳ Լ ͵̴. ׷  ǰ ͵ ִ. ׳డ Ƿ ߰, . Ű Ƽ ε " masters" (Ʈ Ǵ adepts) Ư ƽƮ Master Morya Ʈ Ĺ (Koot Hoomi)κ Ʈ ź ؼ ´ٰ ϰ ִ. adepts( : Adept ƾ Ƽ򿡼 ϴ 'ƵƮ' ̴Ͻ̼() ܰ迡 ϰ, () öп Ѵ. , õ() Ǿ 쵵 ִ. ) , Ʈ, Ƽ Ÿ ӿ ִٰ Ѵ. ׵ ڿ ɷ ִ ˷, " " ȣڵ̴. ׵ ƴ϶ Ű , 츮 ΰٴ, Ƶϰ ȭ Ѵ. (Ű ϸ, ȭ ̴.) ׵ 迡 , ΰ , ׵ ǥ ηθ " (Great White Brotherhood)" Ʒ ϴ ̴.  

Ű

Ű иϰ еϴ ִ° . ׳ ɷ (spiritualists) Ʈ ˰ ־. Ʈ ɷ ؿ ѹ ù , ȸ ʱ ׳డ ʴɷ ִٰ ϰ ϱ ؼ Ʈ ߴ. ڽ ź ̱ ؼ ܰ ø üȭ ̰ų( : apport ), Mastersκ ģ ־. ׳ Ȯϰ ڿ ü ߴٰ ϰ , ׳ ڽ ɷ° ʴɷ ִٰ ϰ ־ Ȯϰ ϱ ƴ.

1875, ׳ ȣ ۰ Henry Steele Olcott, W. Q. Judge Բ, 忡 ȸ ߴ. 1874, ư ɷɻ ϴ , Ű Olcott ˰ Ǿ. ׵ ǰ , ׵ ļ ȸ ߴ. , Ű Ʈ ε , ű⼭ ߴ. 1885, ׳ MastersԼ üȭ ˿ ǽɼӿ ε ƿ԰ ׳ ߿ "The Secret Doctrine"( : ȸ Ȩ Ǹϴ å ̸ '' Դϴ.) ߴ. å " ...а , ׸ η ȭ, ...ַ, , , ¡ Ǹ ȭؽŰ õ̴." (Ellwood) Ű ڽſ ϸ, "ȸ...ָ ׸ , ǿ Ϲü Ʒ ȭؽŰ Ϳ ִ. "

׳ ũƮ α ƴ, и ǹ̰ 巯 (exoteric) ǹ̰ ִ (б, esoteric) ִٰ ߴ.  б ٸ, б (doctrine) ٰ ߴ. ׳ , ϴ б θ ̶ ߴ. ׳ spiritualism ΰ ־, Ŀ " ȥ ƿ . - ܸ Ѵٸ..." ߴ.

ǰ, ̶, ׷ 1875 ˷ ʾҴ ñ ϴ ̴. Ű غϰ ־. װ ǵ ϴ ̴. 츮 ΰ ͵鿡 ġ ְ, ׸ ڿ ǽĿ 뿹 ʹ Ǿ " " Ҿä ִٴ ̴. ׷ ߿ "ݱ з Դ" ǿ ִٰ ׳ Ѵ. з  ִ. ".... ù°, ΰ , ڱ ߽ ־, ̿ ջŰ ϴ 屸 մϴ. ̷ ϰ ħ ؼ ȵ˴ϴ. ι°δ. ̷ ΰ ĵ, װ ų Դϴ. ݱ ǰ ¡ κ صǰ, ȭǰ, ܴϰ, ̻ Ǿ , Դϴ. , ּȭѵǾ Դϴ."[п [The Key to Theosophy] 19 ٸ ñ ޶° ñ ִ. ñⰡ ñ Ͽ, μ ΰ , ̱̰, ̰, 󽺷ٰ ϸ, ̰ ȸ, 簡 ̴.

ڰ شٰ ϰ ִ " " ü ϱ? , α, Ʈ, ڿ ٸ ̹ ħ, Platon ڿ, ƮƼ(Atlantis) 󳻼 ̴. ̰͵, , Ư, Ż, , б, Ʈ, , , , , ̳ͽ, Ȳ, ̽ý, ź, ׸ Masters ܾ ϴ öа ȭ̴. ̰͵ Ϳ ִ , ̷ , Ư üκ Ż ش. ׵, õõ Ǵ "matter" Ҹ ֿ ִ ͵(horrible stuff)̶ ˾ƾ Ѵٰ Ѵ. ׵ ڿ ׸ ֵ ϸ, ÿ ż Ѵ. ׸ ϴ  ´. ׵ Ư ȸڰ ִ , ǥ Ѵ. ׷ ¼, ̷ бܿ ϴ ū ŷ б ʾƵ ǰ ĭƮ ʿ䰡 ٴ ̴.

׷, Ʈ ʿ䰡 ִ. Ű ϸ Ʈ ϴ ִ. ׷ ִ.

    ڿ迡 ¡ ǹ̸ 𸣸, ȥ ߸ϰ, õ , ȥ (Platon 鸶 ) ȥ· Ϸ ϱ ٴ, ǽ ΰ ֺ  , ˿ Ǵ âϴ ǰ ҷ Ǵ ̴. ׷ ǹǷν, 鸶 渶 ȴ. [What Is Theosophy?]

翡 ϸ, ".. ڰ , ƼƮ .; ׷ ״ ܼ 渶̴...װ νϰ ִ ν ϴ .." ׳mesmerism ָ(hypnotism), Ʈ ̶ ϰ ־.

    Ʈ ó, "߼ , ݼ , necromancy, , Ʈ ɷ° ڿ õǾ" ƴմϴ. ֳϸ, ̰͵ ǿ ϰ, ǿ̸, Դٰ ̱ Դϴ. Ʈ ڿ迡 ɷ , "ΰ " ϰ, ϴ ļ, װ 麸 ġ մϴ. Ϲ ǰ, Ž ׸ ָ ٷ ϰ Դϴ. ָ , mesmerism ؼ غǴ ߿ 쿬 ߰ߵǾϴ. ׸ , ָ, ǽ ϰų, Ȥ ڽ 뿪μ ̰ų, ˸ ϰ ϴµ ̶ ֽϴ. ̷ þ տ , ƴұ? ̰ ܿ Ʈ ϳ ؾ ʵ˴ϴ. [The Key to Theosophy]

Ű , ϰ ־ , ׳డ ָ memsmerism ϰ ִٰ ʴ´. ׷, ׳డ "ź б Ʈ ¿ ָ spiritualist Ʈ Ѻ⿡ ٸ δ ̴"[What Is Theosophy?] Ǵٰ Ѵ.

̵ "ư" ° ̰ ̸, ȸ̶ ϴ ο ޱ , ǽ Ư ¶ ʴ´. ̰ ΰ Ǵ ڶ P. ij뽺(Nicholas P. Spanos) ɸ ڿ ǵǰ ִ.  

Īϴ°?

η θ νĵ ʴ ϱ ϰ ñ ̴. ϴ 𸥴. þ ͺ װ  Ű ū ȯ Ұ, װ ̵ ũ Ȧ Ÿ ׳ Ȥ ڰ Ǿٴ ϰ ʴ´.  

ȸǷڴ, ׳డ ̶ , Ŀ ܿ Ż μ ˰ ְ, , Ⱑ 󸶳 ׳ ⿡ ؼ ɰϰ Ѵ. ̿ 鿡 ־, 츮 Ǵ (doctrine) ̴. ȭ ϰ ׵ ǥ õǾ ֱ , ƽƮü ȭ, Ƹ , , ƮƼ, , ִ.  鿡Դ ̷ ¾ٴ ̳, ü, üٴ ĥ 𸥴. , ȸǷڿ ־ ̻ ͼ ʴ´. п ʿ Ѱܳ ̴. 

    .. ߿ Ģ Դϴ. - , ͼ ȸ Ÿ ڰ Ǿ߸ ϰ, ڽ ؼ ʵǸ, װ 㿵 ؾ ϰ, бȿ ִ ģ, Կ ںν ؾ մϴ. б ħ ׿ ϴٸ, ״ Ϳ ϰ ƾ մϴ. ڽ Ȱ, ǹ ؾ մϴ.

    " ... , ھ , , ƸȰ Ÿ Ž̰ų Ǵ ʴɷ ̾߸ Ѵ. " [The Key to Theosophy] 

ƲƼ ϰ ߸ 信 鼭, ȭ ־Ʒ η Ѹ ǵ ϱ ؼ Ʈ ߱ϰ, ſ ̴. Դٰ, ¼ б ϰ Ÿ缺 , ׷ пϰ, ħ ȴ. ׳ η ̻ θ ִ. ȸ θ ־.

( : ǿ , ɷȸ Ű ̶ ߽ϴ. ׷Ƿ װ Ϸ ʴɷ մϴٰ Դϴ.)

 ڷ

ȸ ѱ

 

õ ׸ : the Akashic record, spiritualism and Rudloph Steiner


б ڷ

Ellwood, Robert S. "Theosophy," in The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal edited by Gordon Stein (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1996), pp.759-766.

Randi, James. An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural (N.Y.: St. Martin's Press, 1995).

Washington, Peter. Madame Blavatsky's Baboon: A History of the Mystics, Mediums, and Misfits Who Brought Spiritualism to America (Schocken Books, 1996). review by a theosophist 

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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