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Robert Todd Carroll

 the truth is in here!
SkepDic.com

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thoughtography  (a.k.a. psychic photography), ()

(, Thoughtography) ϴ ʸ Űܼ ϴ ̴.

ɸ ڻ(Dr. Jule Eisenbud) ؼ θ ˷. ״ ī ȣں ׵ (Ted Serios) å ߴµ ״ ̹ ϸ ̵ ʸ ̹ ´ٰ ߴ. å " (The World of Ted Serios: 'Thoughtographic' Studies of an Extraordinary Mind) Ŀ ɷִٴ Ÿ ߴ.

̸ ڿ ӽ ġ ̿ Ӽ ߴ. (Randi 1982, 222ff.; 1995, 233).

󸶳 ̵ ɸڵ ( ) ̷ Ӽ ӾƳѾ ˰ ʹٸ Ʒ ׸ 캸 ٶ. communal reinforcement, confirmation bias, control study, the post hoc fallacy, selective thinking, self-deception, subjective validation, ׸ wishful thinking.

, ɷ ִ. ׷ٸ ӽ Ģ ٽ ̴. ׷ ⹦԰ ŵ 캼 ׷ ʴ.


б ڷ

Brugioni, Dino A. Photo Fakery : The History and Techniques of
Photographic Deception and Manipulation ( Brasseys Inc., 1999).

Randi, James. An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural (N.Y.: St. Martin's Press, 1995).

Randi, James. Flim-Flam! (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books, 1982), 

Randi, James. The Truth about Uri Geller , (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1982). [has chapter on faking psychic photography]

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 08/30/00

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