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Piltdown Hoax Ʈٿ

Ʈٿ 1908 1912 ̿ ΰ, ο, ׸ ٸ ȭ ߰ߵǾ. 1913⿡ ó ۰ϰ ó ο λ ߰ߵǾ. ڵ ȸ ̰ ο λ ޾Ƶ鿴. 1953⿡ Ʈٿ . ΰ ̰ ̻ ο λ .

п ؼ ȸ ð Ʈ Ƽ Ʈٿ ʸ ͹ Ӽ ʴ ŷ ޾Ƶ ̴. ׷ ڿ Ѱ踦 ϰ ִ Դ Ʈٿ ߸ 濡  ᱹ ׷ ȸο ұϰ Ȯ ãư Ϳ Ұϴٰ Ѵ.

 ׷ ڵ ӾҴ°?  Ѵ. Ҹ ȭ ڵ ϰ ֿ ̶ иϴ. Ʈٿ Ŀ ־ ӾƳѾ ִٴ Ͱ ΰ ִٴ ϰ ִ. ̰ ̷а  а Ǵ ϰ ִ. ̷ ؼǴ ǿ ؼ ɷ ȴ(). ̷ ϰ Ѿ Ѵ. ٸ δ ̷ ϴµ ȴ. ó ΰ ΰ ο λ ̶ ϰ ִ. ׷ ݼ ʱ⿡ ڵ ΰ Ŀٶ ΰ Ͽ ȭ Ư¡ Ÿ ̰ Ͽ ٸ Ư¡ ߴϰ Ǿٴ ȭ ߿ ׿־. ΰ γ и ٸ  ΰ ؼ ߴ ̶ ԰ ־ ΰ ΰ ο λ ó ó ǽ ҷ Ű ʾҴ. Ʈٿ ķ ߰ߵ ȭ и ࿡ ū ϴ, ̿ ٸ ȣ̴ϵ ߰ߵǾ. ڵ ׵ ¥ ߴ ƴϴ. 츮 "ȭ, , ׸ " ͸ ؼ ޵ȴٰ ϰ ִ(Gould 1982, p. 118). ϴ ̷ ޾Ƶ鿩 츮 ̷п ´ ȴ.

Ʈٿ Ⱑ ߰ߵ ڵ Ÿ ֵ ʾұ ̴. ̰ ڹ ȼӿ ǰ ־. ڵ δ ߰ ֵ "" ϰ ׵鿡 ſ ʾҴ ̴. ׵ ȸ ̳ ǹ Ȯϰ ̶ Ȯϱ ؼ ͸ ؾ߸ ߴ.

Ϻ ڵ ӾƳѾư ׵ ٸ ǵ ٹδٰ ϴ ׵ ̱⵵ ϴ. ¶ų Ʈٿ Ӽ ٸ° Ⱓǰ ִ. ڵ Ʒ .

ð , Ƹ ڷ װ ó Ʈٿ ΰ Դ.

ƿϵ , ̰ ״ Ƽ ̽ (Keeper of Geology at the British Museum [Natural History] in 1912) Ͽ Ʈٿ Ž縦 ׵ Ͼǰ ߰ߴ.

W.J. Solass, ۵

׶ ̽, 1913⿡ ߰߿

Ƽ ڳ , ȷ Ȩ â ׸

Martin A.C. Hinton, Ʈ ٿ Ͼ ť. ̴ϼ Ʈũ ڿ ڹ ٶ濡 ߰ߵǾ. Ʈũ Ʈٿ ȭ ĥǾְ ־.

ŵ Ȳŵ̸ ״ ߿ ͵ ƴϴ. Ʈٿ ٰ ϴ å иϴ.

Ʈٿ

Ʈٿ ִٴ ̰ ΰ ڿ ϱ 游 ؼ ƴ϶ ̴. ΰ ΰ ο λ ȭ ߰ Ͼ ο ̷п ߾ ƴϸ ߰ߵ ؼ ־ Ǽ ° ٽ 캸ų Ǵ δ ƴ϶ ̷п ´´ٴ ̷ Ѵ. ڰ ϴ , ǵ Ͽ Ϲݷ Ǵ Ư¡ ϴ ź ƴ϶, ȭ ̴.

׷ ڵ Ÿ ͻ ׵ Ʋ Ѵٰ Ư¡ų Ʋ  忡 ̸ ٴ dzѴٸ װ ؼ ɰ ظ ߸ ϴ ̴. ¥ ұϰ Ȯ 䱸ϴ ̸ п Ȯ ġ Ƹٿ ϴ ̴. ¥ Ÿ ڵ Ǽ ϰ  쿡 Ǽ ϰ ׵ ϱ ؼ ⸦ ġ Ұϴٰ ϴ ̴.

Ÿ ִ ̶ ϴ ̴. ٷ ڵ̳ âڵ ׸ ٸ ̺ڵ ̷ ϸ ̰͵ ̷е̶ ϴ ̴. ׷ ̷ ƴϸ ͵鿡 ߷ ͵ ƴϴ. Դٰ Ʈٿ ڵ Ѵٴ Ѵٰ ϴ âڵ 1910 ķ û ߴٴ ؾѴ*.

ȴٴ Ͱ ϴ Ϲ̶ ׸ ټ ڵ ڽ ̷п Ȥ ߿ ̺ڵó Ű ʱ ڵ Ǽ ٸ ڵ鿡 ؼ ߰ߵDZ ̴. ̷ ߰ ٽ Ѵ. ̷ Ȱ ̵ ̺ڵ ̿ Ͼ ʴ´. ׵ Ǽ ׵ ̷ ϰ ʾƼ ߰ߵ ʴ´. 򰡵鿡 ؼ ׵ ߸ ߰ߵǾ ϰ ϴ ̵鿡 õDZ ̴.

(note: Yet another book on the Piltdown hoax has been published since the Hinton trunk discovery. Unraveling Piltdown: The Science Fraud of the Century and Its Solution by John Evangelist Walsh (Random House, 1996) points the finger at Dawson once again.)

õ ׸ : Blondlot, the Cardiff Giant, the Forteans, pathological science, and pseudoscience.


б ڷ

reader comments

Anderson, Robert B. "The Case of the Missing Link," Pacific Discovery (Spring 1996).

Gee, Henry. "Box of Bones 'Clinches' Identity of Piltdown Paleontology Hoaxer," Nature (May 23, 1996).

Gould, Stephen Jay. "Evolution as Fact and Theory," in Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983).

Gould, Stephen Jay. "Piltdown Revisited," in The Panda's Thumb, (New York: W.W Norton and Company, 1982).

Johanson, Donald C. and Maitland A. Edey. Lucy, the beginnings of humankind (New York : Simon and Schuster, 1981).

Popper, Karl R. The Logic of Scientific Discovery (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1959).

Copyright 2000
Robert Todd Carroll

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