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Robert Todd Carroll

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Becoming a Critical Thinker by Robert T. Carroll

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Loch Ness monster ("Nessie")

ȣ() ,

The Fake in the Lake ׽ô ׽ȣ ִٰ ϴ ü̴. ׽ȣ ſ ȣ Ʋ ̹׽ ó ִ.

ݴ ϵǾ ҹ ñ Ž ö󰣴. ҹٴ Ϸ 6⿡ Ʋ κ ⵶ ״ ̴. ݷҹٴ и ׽ ȭ ̴. ֳϸ װ ȣ ߼ ϰ ٰ ̴. wilson hoax photo ׽ 1934 ǻ ιƮ ɳ׽  ڻ翡 ؼ ۵ȴ. ״ 帴 ӿ ÷츣 ٰ ߴ. ū ҵ ҷ ״. ֱ ׽ȣ ȭ ҿ. ٴ쿡 縦 ˰ ־. ׷ ȣ Ž ؼ ƴ϶ ޽ ؼ. ׷ Ÿ . ó ׵ ü 캸Ҵ. ̰ ÷츣 ɼ ִ° ȮϿ. ߴ. ׷ ̰ ɼ ־. Ȥ ־. ߿ ÷ Ž簡 ̷. ó ִ Ȯ 1993⿡ 3õ7鸸 (1994⿡ 1ð 100޷.) Ƽ̵ Ͱ ϺǾ ִ.

Ÿ̵

׽ÿ ٸ 鵵 ִ. Ÿ̵ Ź翡 ׽ û ϴ ⵿ װ ķ ƴ. 常 ԰ ־. ̼ҴϾ ڹ ׽ÿ ⿡ ׵ ׽ÿ 縦 ϰ ִ. ̼ҴϾȿ

κ ڵ ̱ ۴ٰ ϰ , ׷ ̳ Ű ߰ߵDZ⸦ ϰ ִ.

츮 Ѵ...̷ ...International Society of Cryptozoology ֽñ. ü ü, ũ ˷ ü õ ٶ󺸸 ̷ ؼ 򰡸 ǽѴ. 

! ̰ 1996⿡ ſ ǽɽ ã 縦 ̼ҴϾ ڹ̴. 츮 Ÿ̵ Ź 츮 ̽׸ ̷ο ˱ϸ鼭, ؼ  ϴ , ̼ҴϾ ŭ Ҹ ƴ ̶ ߴ. ̰ ̼ҴϾ £ Ƴ ؼ, Ϲ ߰ ſ ɸ ؾ ߱ ̶ Ÿ ʰ ̴. ΰ? Bigfoot T-shirts ׵ ȸ ϱ ؼ ΰ?

ݰ

׽ Ӹ ƴ϶ ǽ ź ִ ڵ鿡 , ִ. Ÿ  ׽ð ķ̵(ƿ ׷ ٸ ) ٸ ̸ 깰̶ ְڴ°? . 캸.

̷Ӱ Һи Ʈٿ ʹ ޸, Ƽ ڳ ¥ ִµ, ÷츣 ,  ׽ ۵ . ˶׾ ̵(Alastair Boyd) ̺ ƾ ׽ø ߰ϱ Ʈ . the London Sunday Telegraph [March, 12, 1994] ϸ ׵ ¥ ̾߱⸦ ߰ ̸, 峭 ̿ؼ ̾. 1933 Christian Spurling ױ 峭 ؼ ߴٰ . ¥ ƴϸ   Ǻ Ian Wetherell ̶ Ѵ. ̾ ƹ Marmaduke ("Duke") Wetherell London Daily Mail ߰ϵ Ǿ. ȭڷ ׸ "Ŀٶ ɰ ϴ big game hunter" ߴ. Ŀٶ ɰ δ öƽ 14ġ Կ ٴٹ ̾. ɰ ҵ  δ ʹ Ŀٶ Ǿ , ̷ 峭 ̵ ׳ ִ ̶ ϰ ƴ.

տ ⸦ ڶ ˶׾ ̵ 1979 ¥ ׽ø Ҵٰ ߴ. װ ׽ô ó ʾҴ. ó ٰ ״ ߴ. ̰ 20Ʈ ̸ ӿ ¿ ̴ Ҵٰ ߴ. 20Ʈ ũ 20Ʈ ¥ 볪 . ƴ϶ Ÿ ȿ ũ⸦ Ȯϰ ִ. ¶ų ̵ ũȣ ü ִٰ Ͼ. ׷ ̰ 츮 ̹ ˰ ִ ̴. ׷ 20Ʈ Ǵ ̳ ׸ ũ ߰ߵ ʰų ִ°?

̰ ΰ, Ⱑ  ΰ ƴϸ ΰ?

ũ ׽ ̹ 1,500̳ Ǿ , ִٸ װ ҹٰ Ҵ Ͱ ٸ ̴. ƴϸ 츮 ׸ŭ Ŀٶٴ ͻӸ ƴ϶ ׸ŭ ľٰ ϾѴ. װ ǵμ(濡 ȫ 969 Ҵ.)̰ڴ°? ڵ鿡   Ⱓ ϴµ 󸶳 ʿ ϵ ܵΰڴ. 10ü Ǿ ü ִٰ ϰ ִ. ( : ٸ  Ϲ 100 ü 100Ⱓ ȣؾ ü Ѵٰ ȯ溸ȣڵ մϴ.) ũ ׽ô ĵμ 300kg ̻ ٰ ϰ ֽϴ [The Naturalist, winter 1993/94, reported in The Daily Telegraph]. Loch Ness å Ƶ帮 (Adrian Shine) ̸, ֵ̿ ô߰ ְ, 9 Ʈ ϸ, 450 Ŀ Ʈ ö ̶ ߴ. ̰ ġ ణ ٸ ׽ȣ ؾ Ŀٶ ȣ Ŀٶ ̰ų Ȥ Ŀٶ ȣ Ⱑ ̶ Ű ִ. ũ ׽ ̾߱⸦ 25Ⱓ Ͽ ̶ underwater wave ϰ ִ.

 ǵ

The Naturalist ȣ п ɵִ ߴµ ȣ 30 Ѵ ٴ ̴. ( ȣ ̻罽 (algae) ϴ ٸ ȣʹ ޸ Ĺ ϴ ׸ƿ ؼ ȴ.) ü ȣ ڰ ִ 10% ʴ´ٴ ٰŷ 300Kg ߴ. , ׸ õ ڵ ־ ұϰ Ⱓ ᱹ ϳ ǥ ãƳ ߴ. 츮 ü ãƳ 캼 ã ߴ. ּ 10 Ŵ ȣ ġ ̰ ׷ٸ ݱ ָ ̻ ̶ ־ Ѵٰ ؾ ̴. /̽/ ϴ ƴ϶ ŵ ̴. ׽ ȭ ִµ ִٴ ʰڴ. ̰ δ ̴. ׸ ׸ α ̷ ִ. ̹߰ ϴ ̷ ̴.   װ Ŀٶ Ư ã ؼ 鿡 Ĵ ʸ ̴. ̽ŵ Ǯ̰ ִ. ̾߱ Ƽ̵ ͳ ׽ ǰ Կ Բ ̾߱ ǰ Ѵ.

̵(Mr. Boyd) ٸ ׽ ִ. ׽ ¥ ƴϴ. Ϻδ ¥ ȣ ̴. ̵ ȸ̸ ణ ĥ Ȱ £ ׸ڿ ܰ ִ ͵̴. ̵ ٴ ó ̴ ִٴ . ̷ ׸ڳ ü Ȥ ̴ Ȥ ⵿ϰ ִ ִ. ũ ׽ ó ϴ ã ¸ ãƳ ϸ Ǹ ̴. ȣ ſ 湮ߴ ſ ĥ Ʋ ġ ̾. Ϸ縸 װ ־ ũ ׽  Ϸ ͵ ƴϾ. ϸ, ũ ׽ ø ؼ 巳Ŷ(Drumnadrochit) ʾҴ. (Fodor) Ʋ ȳ åڿ ϸ װ "ǰ " Ѵٰ Ǿ ִ.

ް̾ Ƴ, , ģ ̾. 츮 B862 , ̱ δ ȣ . Ȳ ħ ̷ ϴ ſ Ÿ . A82 (, west bank) ̺ϸ ȣ Ǹ 츣ũƮ (Urquhart castle, - ) ġ ȴ. (Fodor's).

츣ũƮ 濡 Ҽ մ ´. װ 缭 ϱ⿡ ٴ ; 忡  . ڷϰ ؼ ̳ ãҴ. ٽ ִٰ  ̹ ƴ. ̳ ٽ Ȱ ° ľ߸ ߴ. ̴. ̰ ׽ ΰ? 츮 ׽ ȣ 氡 ۿ . 츮  , Ʋ (24) ׸ (750, 800, Ȥ 900 ft. ̸ ణ ٸ.)ȣ ִ. ȸ ĵ ϰ ׸ڰ 帮 ̶, ׽ö ִ ͵ ִٴ ǽ ʴ´. κ ƴ϶ õ ׽ø Ҵٴ ϰ ̸ ׵ ؼ ̶ ͵ ǽ ʴ´. ׵ ȣ ׵ 湮 ູ ̴! ׵ Ư ̰ ׵ Ư ȴ. ׵ ̾߱Ⱑ ִ ̴. 鿡 ׵, డ ׳ ִ ñ ׳డ ȭ Ŭ 轼 Ҵ ϴ Ͱ Ҵ.  "ġ UFO Ҿ" ׳ ̷ ߴ. డ Ŭ 轼 Ҵٴ ̾߱ Ѵ. ׳ ̾߱Ⱑ  Ǯ ƴ°? Ƹ ̾߱, ׽ȣ ü ŭ Ŀ ׽ ŭ̳ Ǯ ̴.


б ڷ

reader comments

Bauer, Henry H. The Enigma of Loch Ness : Making Sense of a Mystery (Urbana : University of Illinois Press, 1986).

Binns, Ronald. The Loch Ness Mystery Solved (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus, 1985).

Brugioni, Dino A. Photo Fakery : The History and Techniques of Photographic Deception and Manipulation (Brasseys Inc., 1999).

Campbell, Steuart. The Loch Ness Monster - The Evidence (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus, 1985).

Ellis, Richard. Monsters Of The Sea: The History, Natural History, and Mythology of the Oceans' Most Fantastic Creatures (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1994).

Razdan, Rikki and Alan Kielar. "Sonar and Photographic Searches for the Loch Ness Montster: A Reassessment," in Science Confronts the Paranormal, edited by Kendrick Frazier. (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books,1986).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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