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Shermer, Michael and Alex Grobman. Denying History : Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It? 

 

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Holocaust Denial and nazism (National Socialism), ȦڽƮ а  

 

ġ(ġ Nationalsozialist Ӹ̴.) Ը, Ժ, ɷ, ű⿡ Ƶ Ʋ ȸdz뵿ڴ , ݰ, ǿ å Ű ̴. ġ 1933 ׺ؼ 2 ߴ ħ 1945, ߴ. , ġ Ͽ ҹȭǾ.

ġ Ǹ ַ() ̲, μ Ƹ âߴ. ַ Ϲ õⱹ 3 âϷ , ̳ ڸ μ ߴ. 鸸 ΰ , þ, , 縯 , , Դٰ ɽڱ ҿ Ǿ װų ǰų ᰡ Ǿ. 鸸 뵿 Ǿ.

ó, 'ġ' ߸ ൿ ϰų, ̰ ϴ ̸ ۵ ȴ. 谡 Ȱ ִ پ ſ Ͽ, ̷ 翡 âϴ ۵ ȴ. ⼭ 翡 ԵǴ ߿ , , , ܱ, ̽, ⵶, , ƶε̴.

'ġ' , Ƶ Ʋ ൿ Ȱ ޴ ü ڽŵ ϴµ ǵ ̿Ǵ 쵵 ִ. ݴڵ ' Ŭ轺 Ŭ(KKK)', ڹŸ(Posse Comitatus), (Gospel Broadcasting Association) ü ϰų, Ȥ 'ũî ̵ƼƼ(Christian Identity)' Ѵ. ̷ ġ ϱ ƴϴ. ġ Ǽ ˰ ֱ ̴. , Ȱ ϰ ٹ̰ ֱ ̶ ϸ, ׵ Ϻΰ ġ̴. ׵ ̸ ٰŷν ̶ , ð ִ Ϻ̱⵵ ϴ. ׵  ޿ ־ ġ ϴ 翬, , ϰ ġ ٴٸ Ǿٰ ϰ ִ. Ϻ ׿ ġ Ǹ 踦 ϰ , Ʈ ϴ´. ׷, ׿ġ Ѹ Ʈǿ ִٰ ʴ´. ΰ ƴϱ ̴.

׷  ȸǷڴ , ġ ĮƮ ؼ ޾Ҵٴ Ư¡ ִٰ Ѵ. ̰ ̴. ġ Ʈڰ ټ ߴ. , ġϿ κ(͵) ⵶ ־. ׷, ̰Ž· Ʈ ġ ΰ踦 ϴ ̴. ֱ ǰ Ʈڳ ⵶, ڿڿ ؼ غ ȴ. γε ̰ ٸ Ƶ Ʋ°? ̰ ٸ (Eva Braun, : Ʋ )̾°? CIA ʴɷ ̿ ۺ , ̱ ǰ ٴ Ÿ ΰ? Ʈ ڿ, ʻ̳ ̺п, ġ . ߿ ġ .

ΰ ٸ "ٶ "鿡 ġ ȦڽƮ Ҹ. ȦڽƮ 츮 ô ¡ Ǿ ִ. ٸ ¡ , ȦڽƮ żҰħ Ǿ. , ʰ, ȦڽƮ , , "", ҷñ , ü ұڵ鿡 뷮л ¡ϰ ִ. Ϻ ڴ ȦڽƮ ϸ ڽ ϴ Ͱ Ȱ 뿡 ִ ϴٴ ߰Ͽ. ȦڽƮ ¡̳ ȭ  κ̶ ϴ 'ȦڽƮ (Holocaust Denial)'̶ θ. (Institute for Historical Review) ⼭ 1980 ǵ (Journal of Historical Review) ̰ ϰ ִ ϸ, ȦڽƮ Ȯ̳, ȦڽƮ ϴ ۵ ϰ ִ. ׷. '', ߿ 簡 ȦڽƮ ó ̰ ϴ ͸ ̴. Ҵ 1978⿡ Ǿ. Ҵ ' ǰ Ȯ ߱ϴ ̴߽' ϰ ִ. ǰ Ȯ ׷ ̶, ̷ ҵ Ű ̴. ׷ ڵ Ǻٵ ̰ ִ . , ׵ ȦڽƮ ߸ ´ٰ ص, ׵ ۿ ̴. ֳϸ, ׵ ȦڽƮ ٽ ǹ ؼ ǵ帮 ʱ ̴. ׵ ٷ. , ڴ 600ΰ, 400ΰ, ƴϸ ü ΰ? ڿ ߴ°, ƴϸ Ǿ°? ׵ ٷ⵵ Ѵ. , Ƿν ϴ Ѱ? ׵ ڿ翡 ΰ ƴѰ? Ʋ ذ ߷ߴ°? ̶, װ ߴ°? ׵ ٷ ʴ , ̳, ٸ  '' ˰ ӵǾ ̳, ó '' ű⼭ ̳ װų ص 鸸ο ǹ̴. ȦڽƮ ڰ ٷ ʴ ̴. Դ Ұ ̶ ʴ´.

Ŭ Ӵ ' ΰ ̺ ϴ°(Why People Believe Weird Things)', ȦڽƮ п 2 Ҿؼ ϰ ִ(Alex Grobman Ÿ å Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It? [2000] 9 忡 ؼ ٷ ִ.). ״ ϳϳ 系 ϰ ִ. ȦڽƮ ڰ ϴ 忡 'Ʋ (, ź, ü) ȴٴ Ÿ ' ִ. ȦڽƮ ڴ 1941 11 30 ɷ ȭ û ٴ Ŷ Ѵ. , ' κ , û '̴.  ǹ̵簣, Ʋ û ٶ ʾ Ÿ ƴϴ. ٿ, Ǿ ûǾ. , Ʋ κ ۵Ǿ û ٶ ʴ´ٴ ȴٸ, ׷ ұϰ û ٸ, Ʋ ڽŵ ˰ ־ ̴. Ʋ ǵ ִ. ü رǾ ״ ̷ ϰ ִ. 'ο ؼ ȹٷ ũ ߰, 踦 ؼ ο... ׳, ϴ ϴ ȹ .' Ʋ ٱտ ߴ. ʴ, Ȥ ׿ ƴϴ. Ʋ ߴ. '䳢 罿 ڿ Ǹ ٸ ȴ. ħŰ , ̷ ̻ ʿ䰡 ִ°?'

׷, δ, Ӱ 󸶳 ׵ ⹦ ΰ  ص, ڴ ȦڽƮ ׵ Ʋٰ ̴. ڰ ̷ ϴ , װ ڽŰ ο ֱ ̴. ڴ ڿ ־, Ͽ ոȭϰ . ⹦ , ᱹ ƴ϶, ȴ. پ  ϱ , Ҹ ̴. ȦڽƮڴ ٸ ǿ ְ ް ִ. ̷ ü ϱ? ڽ ɿ г븦 Ÿ ϴ ΰ? Ƹ ׷ 𸥴. ̰ ü ڸ Ʈ ǿ (Anti-Semite and Jew) ǰ̴. ȦڽƮ ϰ ٰ δ. ֳϸ, ߿ ´ ̱ ̴.

: toshijun  


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reader comments

Lipstadt, Deborah. Denying the Holocaust: the Growing Assault on Truth and Memory (Plumsock MesoAmerican Studies, 1994).

Segel, B. W. A Lie and a Libel: the History of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, Richard S. Levy, translator & editor, (Lincoln, NE : University of Nebraska Press, 1995).

Shermer, Michael and Alex Grobman. Denying History : Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It?  (University of California Press, 2000).

Shermer, Michael. Why People Believe Weird Things: Pseudoscience, Superstition, and Other Confusions of Our Time , chs. 13 and 14  (W H Freeman & Co.: 1997).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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