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Robert Todd Carroll

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Landmark Forum/Landmark Education Corporation 帶ũ / 帶ũ ȸ

帶ũ 150̳ Ǵ ̳ ڵ ڱ ɼ ϴ ϴ Ը ڱ ̳ ϳ̴.

帶ũ ϵ忡Լ est "technology" ϰ 1985 ۵Ǿ. 1991⿡ ü 帶ũ ֽȸ (Landmark Education Corporation, LEC) ϰ Ŀ´̼ǰ â ߽ ٸ α׷ Բ 帶ũ ̶ Ʈ̴ Դ. ϵ ظ (Harry Rosenberg) LEC ̲ , 5õ ޷ ϰ, 30 ڸ Ҵ. LEC est ýڿ θ ΰ 11 42 θ ִ. ׷ и ϵ LEC  ʴ.

est 60, 70 Flower Children̾, LEC 90 Žڵ̴. est Ư¡̾  "it" Ž . д̰ ̰ ǰ ̾ est (Zen master) ĵ . est Ȱ ̰ų д ʴ. est Ʈ̴װ 财 LEC ڿԴ 䱸 ʴ´. ( : est 7ð  ȭǿ ϰ ϴ ־ Ѵ.)

LEC ö Ʈ̴װ Ҿ Ư Ŀ´̼DZ  ļ ڽ λ ȭŰ ǥ̴. LEC ϰ ִ ȿ ſ ָ ̴. α׷ "̰, ̰, ȿ̴" ȯȣϸ鼭 ޾Ƶ鿴. "̳ ڵ ̶ ִ. ׸ ٸ , ǿ̰ ο ȹ ְ ȴ." Ѵ. 帶ũ " ɼ  ٸ ٸ ְ ֱ ؼ" ϰ "츮 ϴ ȸ , ΰ, , ȸ, Ͻ, ü, ׸ װ͵ ü ȸ ϴ ̴." Ѵ. 帶ũ "ϰ ְ", " ˷" ִ. ׵ "Ź Ŀ´̼(  ڱ ǥ 븦 ִ ûɷ° Ȯ µ ϱ)" ϰ ִ. 帶ũ "ϰ, ̰, ſ"̴. "ູ, ڱǥ, å, 츮 ̴." 츮 Ư , , ƿ ϰ ִ." ׸ ΰ ɼ ΰ âϰų ߸ϰų ϴ ɷ ΰ ֵǵ  LEC ⸦ Ѵ." [帶ũ Landmark Education Charter]  տ ̹ ٿ ſ â ָϴ. ׷ ұϰ ̱ ϴ.

LEC ſ ũ ϰ Ǵ ̴. est 帶ũ ǿ ڵ ̾߱⿡ ϸ Ȱų ʴ ƴϴ. Jill P. Capuzzo ִ. "ٸ ̳ ϰ Ⱦְ, ̰ ſ Ѵ." " κ ̷ ڵ ϴ ̴. ̹ Ӱ ãƳ  ູϱ ؼ ģ ͼ ָ ̳ ϶ Ѵ. īǪɿ Բ 20% ǿ ׳ Բ ڽ ߴٰ Ѵ.

, ص ׽Ÿ(Andy Testa), 帶ũ ü ÷ȴµ, ׿ װ ̴ ٷ ʿϴٴ Ŷ ϴ ڵ ٳٰ Ѵ.

Ϻ , 帶ũ α׷ , ر ߴٰ ϰ ִ [see Lell, who had one after attending Landmark sessions, and Abstracts of Articles in Psychological Journals concerning est and The Forum] 45 Ĵ (Stephanie Ney), 2 ϰ 帶ũ ̳, " ִ ɸ  и ƹ Ǯ ҽϴ." ϰ ִ. ׸ , ׳ Ű Ǿ Ű Ŭп Կϰ Ǿٰ Ѵ. ׷ Ϻ ڰ ظ Ծٰ ؼ 帶ũ . ̾緯 Ʈ, 帶ũ ڱⰳ α׷ ã ̹ ִ ̴. Ϻ ɰ Ȱ ־, Ʈ̴ Ѱ踦 Ѱ ִ. ׷, װ ߸ΰ? ̷   B ʰ (The Ten Commandments) "" ̱ ó 忡 ȭ Ѱ踦 Ѿ  ( : ̻ ) ̴.

ٸ ڴ, "λ ־ ϰ ü̾" ϰ ִ. ״ ̳Ŀ ſ ȥ, 3 ϰ ʾҴٰ ϰ ִ. " 3 ϰ ̾. , 21 Ⱓ ̳, 忡 6 Ⱓ ü ʾҴ." ϰ ִ. ׷, ڴ װ ѹ ü ̶ Ѵ!

Ϸ ũ(Hare Krishna) ڴ, ڵ鿡, LEC Ʈ̴ ϵ ǰϰ ִ. ״, ̶ ǥ ̳ , Ÿο ų, â dzϰ ǰų, ڽ ų, λ ־ ߿Ѱ ˰ϰ, ְ ǰų, λ ϰ ʰ ֵ ְ Ͽ, λ ٲٰ ϰ ȴٰ Ѵ. ״ ʿ µ 帶ũ ȴٰ ϰ ִ. ,Ѷ ⵶ Ʈ ü Watchman.org ߴ 콺Ű, ǥ " Ǿִ" ϰ ִ. Ʈ̴׿ , ׸ Ѵٰ ϴ ó ̱ ̴. ׷Ƿ žε 帶ũ α׷ ηϴ° ִ. ǻ, 帶ũ α׷, žε鿡 " ڽ Ǵ , ž ϰ ִ" ϰ ִ.

LEC Ʈ̴׿, ǿ ġ ãƳ ִ 鵵 ִ. ġ ڻ ְ ۿ ״ ߴ.

ڽ ڿ , ߿ ġ ̰ Ȱӿ ǰ ִٴ ߽߰ϴ. 

ڼϰ Ҵ, ״ ־.

.. ϰ ִ , ൿ ڱ ڽ ٰų Ȥ ̿ Ȯ ü ǥ ƴմϴ. ̰Ϳ ؼ ̳ ߿ õǴ Ѱ, 츮 ϰ ִ ൿ κ 츮 ൿ ſ ൿ ǹ̿  ߸ ٰ ϰ ִٴ ־ϴ. ڽ (̰ ο Դϴٸ) ִٴ ͸ ϴ ڽ ؼ Ÿ ̳ĸ , װ ڽ ϴ ( )̳ ܿ  ġ° ˰ ˴ϴ. , װ Ÿ ƴϾٰ . ׸ , ڽ ٲ ״ ְ ˴ϴ.

쿣 3 ֽϴ. ù°δ, Ƴ Դϴ. , ̳ Ҿ ׳ ϸ ׳డ Ҿϰ ̶ ߱ ׳࿡Դ ־ϴ. , ׳డ ſ ħϰ ϴٰ ʿ䰡 ִٰ ߽ϴ. δ 翬ϰ ׷ ν ׳డ ° Ͽϴ. ׳ฦ Խϴٸ, ׳ ϴ. , Ҿ̳ ׳ ־ϴ. ׷ ׳ ٴ Ǿϴ.(̰ ׳డ ׷ٰ ߱ Ǿϴ.) ׸ 츮 λ ϰ Ǿϴ.

° , ƹ Դϴ. ƹ Ƿ ʴ´ٴ ̾߱⸦ ӿ , װ ⸣ ؼ ܼ ǹ ̶ ϰ ־ϴ. ٸ Ե ̾߱⸦ ߽ϴ. ̾߱Ⱑ  ̾߱⸦ (ƹ ڻ Ѹ Ѹ о ̾߱⸦ ̻ ϴ.) ƹ ϰ δ ó ƹ ־ϴ. ( Ͼ ̶, ̷ ̾߱ Ƿ ϰ ƼŻ ̶ մϴ. ׷, װ Ƹ ƹ 谡 ߿ϴٴ ϰ ʾұ ̶ մϴ. 츮 θ԰ 찡 ó ſ ָ ִٰ ص ߿ ̾ Դϴ. )

,  ϴ° ϴ Դϴ. ݱ λ õ ϴ Ű ڽ κ 巯 𸣴 ̾߱⸦ ϴ ϰ Ǿϴ.  ̰ ڽſ ٸ ׷ ƴ϶ ٸ 鿡 ̾߱ ϴ Ϸ ϴ. ׸, ü , Ӹī ߶ ְ ִ 㵵 ϰ ִ ڽ ߰ϰ ˴ϴ. [Roger, ]

Ʈ̴ ߴµ ٸ ̴ ϱ?

帶ũ Ը ڱ ̳ ϴ ǰ ̶ ٴ Ű ִ. Y. Klar, R. Mendola, J. D. Fischer, R. C. Silver, J. M. Chinsky B. Goff Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology [990; 58(1): 99-108] Ʒ Ͽ.

, Ը ڱ ̳(LGAT) Ϸ ɸȸ Ư ϱ ؼ Ǿ. , λ ־ , ȸ , ö ô , LGAT ϰ ϴ LGAT зϿ, ʴ ׵ (peers)̳, Լ Թ ð 񱳸 ߴ. , ϰ ִ , ̳ ȸ Ϲ Թ ð οѴٴ ǹ ġ Ÿ (̰ Թ ƴ) , ֱ ߻ ϰ ޴ Ÿ.

ְų, Ҹ ϰų, ڽ ɷ ֵǾ ʴٰ ϰų, ø ް ʹٰ ϴ ̳ Ϸ Ѵ. , ϴ ſ ټ ִٴ 翬 ̴. ̷ ο ñⰡ , "ȸ"Ǿ ٽ Ȱ, ġ پ, , 밨 ñⰡ ´. ڱ α׷ Ȱ ׵ α׷ ̶ ϰ Ǵ ̷ κ post hoc ̴.

, Ը ڱ ̳ ڱ ° , Ҿ ̳ ߱ ̶ ϴ ͵ post hoc̴. ɸ ʿ , Ը ڱ ̳ ؼ ȴ. ϰ Ƿ, ̳ ʹ ̴. 帶ũ ڿ ڽ ε üε ǰϴٰ ִ ޾Ƶδ ִ ̴. ̷ ؼ ξ, Ű Ǿٰ  ϴ Ҽ κ ׵ ȣ ֱ ̴. ׷ ׵ ̷ µκ α׷ ̳ ü Ҿ ϴ ƴ ġ ç ִ.

Ʈ̴ ֺ  Ŀ´̼ ؾ ϴ° Ӹ ƴ϶  ϸ ״° ϸ鼭 ڿ ڽ λ ƺų λ ٽ Ѵ. ̷ ̶, װ Ӱ ǵ ݷ ̴. ׸ ȿ ٷ ̴. ſ ް ü ٸ ϰ ;ϴ . ׸, ׵ α׷ ڳ ԰ ȴ. ׷, ׷ Ϻδ, ģ α׷ ϰų, ̾ ϰ ϴ з ̱⵵ ϴ.

Ϻ ڵ鿡 ϸ, 帶ũ ߿ ࿡ ȭ Ŵ Ͽ, ڿ ȭ Ͽ з ϴ ̶ Ѵ. Ϻ 򰡴 ȸ α׷ ֵ ǥ ϰ ִ. (Faltenmayer).

LEC ü پ缺

ݱ о est 帶ũ ̾߱⿡ ϸ, ü ȥ ٴ Ϳ λ ߴٴ(transformation)Ϳ ̸ پϴ. ̰, Ϻ λ κ ΰ Ÿ ִ.

ο 丣Ű(Yisroel Persky) ־ "źǷ ġ " ٰ Ѵ (Flatermayer). ׷, ް å (ɸ̳ ö̳ Ŀ´̼ о߿ ־) ̶ ׷ 鿡Դ ִ. ޼ ΰ( κ )ִ Ʋ ޼ ϴ ̳ ϴ ߿伺 . ޼ ϴ ŷڹ ȵȴ. ׸ ϰ ʿ䰡 ִ. , ڽ ־ Ѵ. ޼ Ű ؼ Ҹ ϴ ˰ ʿ䵵 ִ. Ŀ´̼ Ͽ Ѵ. Ư Ʈ Ӱ ȵȴ. ״ ִ ̾߱̾ Ѵ. ׸ θ ̾߱ Ӹ ƴ϶ ൿϴ ʿ䰡 ִ. ׸ ū ׷ , ׷ Ǹ ֵ ʿ䰡 ִ. ޼ ϴ ϸ, ڴ Ǿ ̳ ̴. ̷ ݺϸ (revival) , ׵ ڽ Ӱ(revived) ̴. ڴ 16 Ÿ ̴.(: 4 8 Դϴ.) ׵ Ǿ ϰ ǰ λ ٲٴ ̴.

̰ 帶ũ ̳, Ű α׷̳, est (׸ 쿡 󼭴 ̾緯 Ͽ) α׷ Ҵٰ ȴ. α׷ 鿡 ǥ ׵ ֺ ξ ȭǵ ߴ. ׵ 򵵷 ְų Ȥ ݱ ޼ ǥ ϵ ش. ڳ ̵ ΰ 踦 ְų Ȥ ׵ ģ̳ ΰ 踦 ذϴ ־. α׷ ڰ ڽ ڰ(self-conscious)ϰų, λ ϰų ϶ Ѵ. ̷ ͵ 츮 ϻ ȭ ̴. ̼ , ڽ λ, λ ־ ߿ ų ü ٸ .  ̴ Ϲ Ѵ.

LEC Ʈ̴׿ 帶ũ ׵ ϴٰ ڽŰ ٰ ִ. ̳ ൿ ȭ, ӵ ȲȦ̳, ݷ ü ڿ ǿ ο ӵ ְ Ͻ ִ. ٴ κ ȸ Ǹ, ̰ ڰ ļ ڽ ̳ Ϸ 浿 ִ. ׷ ſ ̴. , LEC 700 ޷, ׸ Ŀ´̼ǰ Ŀ ް 1050 ޷. α׷ (Wisdom program) 1700 ޷ ȴ.

õ ׸ : est, firewalking, Large Group Awareness Training programs and neurolinguistic programming.


б ڷ

reader comments

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. Encyclopedia of New Age Beliefs (Harvest House Publishers, Inc., 1996).

Barry, Dave.  "Altered States"  in The Miami Herald, April 13, 1997. (Humorist Dave Barry takes Peter Lowe's SUCCESS 1997 12-hour success seminar featuring Anthony Robbins, Elizabeth Dole, Rabbi Harold Kushner, Brian Tracy,  Lou Holtz, Jim Morris, Peter Lowe, Pat Riley, Dr. Ted Broer, George Bush, and Dan Kennedy.)

Lell, Martin. Das Forum: Protokoll einter Gehirnw?che. Der Psycho-Konzern Landmark Education. May 1997. Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, M?chen .

Copyright 1999
Robert Todd Carroll

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