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free will

öп, ΰ ൿ ο Ͽ Ǵ ƴϰ, ൿ ü ǹϴ ̴. ̷ ü ο Ǵ ƴϰ, ൿ ü ⳪ κ Ǹ, ü κ Ǵ ƴϴ.

, 縦 ϴ , ̳ ڿ , Ǵ , ΰ ൿ ϴ ̶ ؿԴ. Ǵ ׵ θ (libertarians) ܺ , ൿ ƯϿ ൿ ü ؼ Ǵ , ̳ ̳, Ȥ ڿ Ģ ؼ ʴ´ٰ ϰ ִ.

, ൿ ΰ åӿ ̻ , ö ַ Դ. åӰ ǥȴ. õ ⺻ ϰ ִ ⵶ 뿡 񹰸 () ̻ ִ. 谡 ϴ Ģ ۿ ִ ȥ Ȥ ֵȴ. ׷Ƿ 鿡 ־ ǿ ų ϴ ϽѴ.  

طδ ̰͵ Ÿ ٶ ʴ´. ش Hobbes Ǹ Ͽ ¸ ߱ ߴ. ȩ ൿ ñ ΰ, ൿ ʴ ̻, ൿ Ӵٰ ߴ. ȩ ̰ 'ܺ ' ʿ ǥߴ. ִ ٶ ٰ Ѵٸ, װ Ϸ ο ؼ ʿ Ͼٰ ִ.  پȴٰ ϴ 쿡, ׸ ׷ Ȯ ̴. ѱ ͵ ƴϰ ʿ پ ٸ װ پ ٰ ൿ̴.

ȩ(Hobbes) ش, а , ׸ ȭؽŲٴ , ̾. ش а ̻ ٴ Ͻϴ ƴ϶ , ο ؼ ƹ . ڵ̶, Űȭ ¸ ̴. иų Ȥ ѱ ƴ϶ پ, װ ׳డ ϴ ִٰ ̶ ̷ ൿ ǥ̴.

طδ, ֵ , Ű . / £ ߿ ̽ ΰ ൿ åӿ ̴. ׷ å ΰ ߿ Ǿ ִ. ̴. ƿ챸Ƽ 丶 ⵶ ʱ ڵ鵵 Ƴ  ׸ ü ڿԴ ط ϴٰ , ϴµ ʿ ̻ 簡 ϴٰ ʾҴ. Ƴ  ڵ鿡 Ѵٰ ո ̴. ڵ "̼ Ǵ ִ " ̸ Ÿٰ ϰ ִ. ո Ѵٸ Ÿ Ѵ.

Ī , ó ΰ åӰ ٰϰ ִ. ߴ ̼ϰų, ְ ִ , Ǵ Ű ȭ ȯ ִ , װ ϰų Ȳ ڽ ൿ å . ൿ ִٴ ൿ å οϴ ƴϴ. ź ְų Ȥ Ȥ ̵ ׵ ൿ ұϰ ׵ ൿ ϴ ɷ ִ. ,  پ ڻϱ ؼ ƴ ִ. װ ׿ å װ ڱ ϴ ִٰ ڻ ⵵ ƴ϶ װ ڻ ߴٰ ϴ ߸̴.

ߴ̳ ֳ ȯ ̰ ֱ , ൿ ϰ ѵ ̰ . ش  ൿ ϰų ϰų ִ. ̷ Ķ ̴. ( : Ķ ʿ .) ٸ ش ʷδ ൿ ִ ɷ ̴. ó ڱ⸦ ִ ̻ ǹ '' ǹ̷ Ķ ʰ ̴. Ƿ Ӱ DZ ؼ ΰĢ ʾƵ ȴٴ ʿ ̸, ͹ ̴. ⿡ ͱ . ̰ ο ൿ ΰ ൿ̾ Ѵٰ ϱ ͹ . 信 , ο װ  ൿ ϰų ϴ ̴. ̷ ο ̴. ׷Ƿ ̷ 信 Ӱ ȴ. 

ó, ΰ åӿ , - ü ̻ Ȥ ǰ ƴ϶, ൿ ɷ¿ ǿ ִ. ,  ൿ ϴ ɷ¿ Ÿ ؼ,  Ǿ߾ 縳 ִ. ൿ ϴ ɷ, ̳ ̿ ΰʹ . 츮 ΰ ̶ Ư Ű湰 ׸ Űȭ Ǿ ̴. ̵ ̽ ش п ö Ѵٰ ʴ. , Űڵ ϰ Ǹ Ű öڵ ظ ̴.  

õ ׸ : determinism, dualism, memory , mind, naturalism and souls


б ڷ

Churchland, Patricia Smith. Neurophilosophy - Toward a Unified Science of the Mind-Brain (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986).

Dennett, Daniel Clement. Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology (Montgomery, Vt.: Bradford Books, 1978).

Dennett, Daniel Clement. Consciousness explained illustrated by Paul Weiner (Boston : Little, Brown and Co., 1991).

Dennett, Daniel Clement. Kinds of minds : toward an understanding of consciousness (New York, N.Y. : Basic Books, 1996).

Dennett, Daniel Clement. Elbow room : the varieties of free will worth wanting (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1984).

Hofstadter, Douglas R. and Daniel C. Dennett The mind's I : fantasies and reflections on self and soul (New York : Basic Books, 1981).

Ryle, Gilbert. The Concept of Mind (New York: Barnes and Noble: 1949).

Sacks, Oliver W. An anthropologist on Mars : seven paradoxical tales (New York : Knopf, 1995).

Sacks, Oliver W. Awakenings, [1st. ed. in the U.S.] (Garden City, N.Y.,  Doubleday, 1974).

Sacks, Oliver W. The man who mistook his wife for a hat and other clinical tales (New York : Summit Books, 1985).

Sacks, Oliver W. A leg to stand on (New York : Summit Books, 1984). 

copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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