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Robert Todd Carroll

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false memory

ְ ̰ų Ȥ ȭ(confabulation) Ѵ. ȥϴ ̷ Ϻδ ٸ ñ⿡ Ͼ ñ⿡ Ͼ ȥ ̴. source memory Ǽ õǾ ִ.  쿡 ϱ⵵ Ѵ. ٸ 糪 ī ҷ Űų ϰų Ȥ Ͻÿ ؼ ٰ Ͼ. , Dr. Elizabeth Loftus ɴ ƴ϶ ̰ ſ ȴٴ ־. (Loftus, 1994).

Ӵϰ ƹ ƹٸ 迡 ٰ ̴. ſ ؼ и ִ. ׷ ÿ ־ Ȯ ־߸ ǿ Ȯ ƴ ִ. ӿ ٲ ְ ſ ϴ. Ϻ ְ Ʒ ó ſ ̸ Ʒ ʴ source ȥϴ .

Dr. Donald Thompson ׳ฦ ߴٰ ߴ. 轼 Ͼ ٷ TV ͺ並 ϰ ־. α׷ ׸ "и TV ũ ȥϿ." (Schacter, 1996, 114).

Ƶɸ Ǿ, ѵλ춧 ɻ ̶ ߴ. ״ ڱⰡ ӿ Լ Ű ൿ, ó Ű ۰ 並 ġ Ѿư ̴. ̾߱ ,׸ ̷ ̾߱⸦ 鿡 ȭ Ǿ. ׷ ̷ δ Ͼ ʾҴ. ̼ 13 Ǿ ̰ ׳ ٸ糽 ̾߱ ģ ߴ. Ǿ ߿ ̷ ִ. '.., ӿ ð ̶ ſ ¥߾. ̰ ̴. ׷ ƴϾ.' (Tavris).

(3 ) ġ ϴ (definition) ̴. Ϻ ο (left inferior prefrontal lobe) ƿԼ ߴ ʴµ ̰ ʿ κ̴. 鿩 ȣȭ(encoding)ϴ ̷ зϰ ϴµ ʿ Ͼ .

׷ ƿ ſ  ̵ κ ִ. κ Ǽ ų ִ. Schacter ڰ 濡 Ͼ ϴ Ѵ. ̶ ܾ ̶ ܾ ׳ ӿ Ƣ ׳ ̰ Ű ߴ. ׳ ״ ø ſ ׳ ڽ װ Ͼ ߴ(Schacter, 1996, 232). Ʊ д κ Ǽ ɰ ɸ ָ Ű° ؼ ɸġ鿡 ؼ Ƿ ޾Ƶ鿩 ִ , ʾҴ.  

ɸ鿡 θ ޾Ƶ鿩 ٸ δ  д б ο ɸ Ųٴ ̴. ݴ ɸڵ б(RMT) ϴ ׵ ȯڵ鿡 д뿡 ϰ, ϱְ, ׸ Ͻø شٰ Ѵ. ȸ κ θ, θ, ڵ鿡 д븦 ޾Ҵٴ ̴. ̵ ׵ ̶ âߴٰ ߴ.

 д뿡 ȸ ΰ ߸ ƴ ̴. ؼ ˰ ִ ٷδ ְ Ȥ ȸ Ѵٴ ſ ̴. ׷  Ư γ μ Ͼ Ѵٴ غ Ѵ. ׷Ƿ д Ǵ  ǽ߿ Ͼ д뿡 Ȯ ʴ´. ̳ ָ ؼ Ǹ ͵̴. ڷ Ǹ ȣϴ. ָ ٸ Ͻÿ ϴ ſ ؼ ؾ߸ Ѵ.

Դٰ, ̴ 찡 ִ. ΰ иϴ Ϲ Ȳ ſ ܿ 巿̴.   ̿ Ȥ ģ ؼ д ǽ ִ. Ǽ  ܼ Ǽ Ƴ ׳ д븦 ϰ ȴ. ̰ ׳ฦ ɶϰ ϰ ɶϰ . ׳ Ǹ (nightmare) ٰ Ǹ ׳࿡ д븦 ϴ ׳ θ, θ, 簡 ȴ. ׳ б ڿ ׳ ƹ, Ӵ, Ҿƹ, ҸӴ, ׵ д Ӹ ƴ϶ ׵ satanic rituals ̰ Ű Ѵ. ִ°? ȯ ̰ コ. ȯ ̰ Ȥ ̰ Ͼ ̴. ׵ ̰ ̰ ıǰ ִ.

̷ ׸ ״ ġ ϰ ̰ ƴ Ȯ ʰ ޾Ƶ鿩 ϴ°? и д뿡 ϴ ̴. , д뿡  κ̶ Ȥ ִ ȮϷ ʰ ׵ ıǴ ͵ ̴. ȯڵ鿡 Ư д(Ȥ ܰ ġ) ȸŰ ϴ ΰ̴. Ȥ κ  д뿡 б ̶ ϴ ͸δ ȯڵ鿡 ϰ, 迡 ظ ִ Ѵٴ ƴϴ. ȯڰ ܰο ؼ ġǾٴ Ʋٰ ٴ Ǵ ƴϴ. åִ ׵ ȯڵ ǿ ϰ ް ĺη̼ ϰ д뿡 д븦 иϵ ־ Ѵ. ġ ǥ ϴ ̶ ġ ׻ ġ ִ ƴ ̴.

,  д븦 ޾Ҵ, Ȥ д ؾ ϴ å ִ £ 忡 ؾ Ѵ. ׵ 츮 ΰ ߵ, Ͻÿ ̵ Ư Ͻÿ ε(leading) ϴٴ ˾ƾ Ѵ. ׵ ̵ ſ پ ̵ ׵ ൿ ߴٴ ׵ ׷ ߴٴ ǹ ʴ´ٴ ؾ Ѵ. ׷, ̰  , ؼ װ ϰ ϴ ɹ ƴϴ.

, ī, ׸ ġ 񳭰 ߸ü ޴´ٴ ؾ Ѵ. ˸ ٸ ׵  д븦 ߴٰ ´ٴ ˾æ. 븦 д븦 ߴٰ ϴ ͺ ıϴ ÿ ڿ ȴٴ ˰ ִ. ִ ׵ е д ̾߱⸦ ؼ ü аų ų Ϳ ִ. ִ   Ű ־ ƴ϶  д븦 ϰų η ϱ ٸ ̵ дѴٰ ִ. ؼ ڵ Ǵ ؼ ȴ.

õ ׸ : : Bridie Murphy, dianetics, hypnosis, memory, mind, multiple personality disorder, repressed memory, repressed memory therapy, and the unconscious.


suggested reading

Baker, Robert A. Hidden Memories: Voices and Visions From Within (Buffalo, N.Y. : Prometheus Books, 1992.)

Cooper, Claire, "Repressed-memory lawsuits spur backlash from accused,"The Sacramento Bee, March 18, 1993, p. B4.

de Rivera, Joseph, "'Trauma searches' plant the seed of imagined misery," The Sacramento Bee, May 18, 1993.

Johnston, Moira. Spectral Evidence: The Ramona Case: Incest, Memory, and Truth on Trial in Napa Valley  (Westview Press, 1999).

Loftus, Elizabeth F. Memory, Surprising New Insights Into How We Remember and Why We Forget (Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1980).

Loftus, Elizabeth. The Myth of Repressed Memory (New York: St. Martin's, 1994).

Ofshe, Richard and Ethan Watters. Making Monsters: False Memories, Psychotherapy, and Sexual Hysteria (New York: Scribner's, 1994).

Sacks, Oliver W. An anthropologist on Mars : seven paradoxical tales (New York : Knopf, 1995).

Schacter, Daniel L., editor, Memory Distortion: How Minds, Brains, and Societies Reconstruct the Past (Harvard University Press, 1997).

Schacter, Daniel L. Searching for Memory - the brain, the mind, and the past (New York: Basic Books, 1996).

Tavris, Carol. "Hysteria and the incest-survivor machine," Sacramento Bee, Forum section, January 17, 1993.

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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