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Robert Todd Carroll

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faith, ž

ž  ̼ ̴. ̼ ̶  ݴǴ ŵ ̸ ϴ Ѵ. ϴ, , Ȥ ̴߽ٿ ݴǴ ŵ е , ŵ տ ݴǴ ̴. ŵ  ݴ 忡 ׷ Ѱ ϴ ŵ տ ݴǴ ̴.  

žӿ Ϲ - ߸ ְų Ȥ ݰǿ - Ʒ ϴ ⵶ ȣڵ ̴.

׵ ̷ Ѵ. " ʴ´. ׸ . ڿ ؼ ȭǾ" ؼ ̰ ž ǥ ƴϴ. (Richard Spencer, Ph.D., associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at UC Davis and faculty adviser to the Christian Student Union. Quoted in The Davis Enterprise, Jan. 22, 1999)

Ȥ ⸸ ƴϸ, ڵ ׵ ؼ ϴ ؼ Ǵ ŵ ž . ž̶ ܾ ̷ ǹ̷ ϴ ׷ ⸦ ֱ ̴.

̷ žӿ statements ž Ѵ. ׷Ƿ external world(츮 ϴ 谡 ڽ ϴ ȯ̳ ƴ϶ ), ΰ迡 , Ȥ ( : ÿ ϼ ٴ ) () ( : principle of excluded middle, ̵, ̵ ߰( ƴ)ϼ ٴ ϰ ִ.) ⺻ Ģ鵵 ̷ ž ȴ. ܺμ Ȥ Ģ ž ϴ ſ ɰ ⸸̳ ߸ ε δ. ̷ ð ž ̽Ű ̾߱, Ȥ پ ž .

žӿ ߸

漭 ڻ 캸 ̰ ϴ. " . ׸ . ڿ ȭ ̴." ž statements ̴. ù° 츮 3 ̷ ִٴ ִ. ù°, " . ° " . ׸ ° " ڿ ȭ ̴." 漭 ڻ ̷ Ƹ " Ѵ. ׸ ִ̰ ̴. Ӵϴ ̴." "  ̰ ̴" " ü̴" Ͻϰ ִ.

' ' и ̸, ̴. ̷ ϴ  Ư ֱ ǹ̰ ̶ ̴. , ' 簢 ' ̶ ̴. 簢 簢 簢 ǵǾ ִ. James Rachels Ұϴٰ Ѵ. ׷ ƹ غ 踦 䱸ϴ ̿ ִٰ ̴. ÿ ϱδ -⵶ ︮ ʴ´ٴ ̴.

ÿ ,  ̸ ޾Ƶ̰  ޾Ƶ ʴ´. ׷ ̰ ޾Ƶ̰ų ޾Ƶ ʴ ȯ, ü, ȭü, Ȥ ࿡ ź žӰ ž ƴϴ. ž ġ ձ 簢 ϴ Ͱ ̴. ׵ Ǵ 䱸ϰ ִ. ࿡ ź , 2000 ڱþȿ ־ִ ʾҴ. Ƹ ӽŽ״ٴ ִ. ̷ п ϴ ̴. ̷ žӰ õ ÿ ٸ ̴. ̷ ž Ϸ ִ ̶ ̷ Ұ ƴ϶ ̴ 븦 ϴ ͻ̴. ׷ ִ Ͱ ٶ ʴ. ̷ ᱹ Ģ ϰ ǹǷ ڰ ̴. x ž ϱ ̰ų ذ ٴ ̰͵ ž ƴϴ.

' ʴ´' ٴ Ͱ ſ ٸ ̴. ɼ 缺 ̴. ڵ ⵶ ȣڵ ׵ ž ɼ ̶ ϰ Ѵ.  Ƿ ٰ ִ. ٸ -⵶ ɼ ʴ ִ. ʴ Dz, ׽ȣ , ŸŬν ׸ Ȱ 䳢 ̴. ׷ Dz, ׽ȣ ϴ װ ž̶ ʴ´. ׵ ſ Dz žϰ ׽ø žѴٰ ϴ 󸶳 콺. Dz ϴ ׵ ٰŰ ִٰ Ѵ. ʴ Ŵ ſ ͵̸, Dz Ѵٴ ʴ´. Dz ʴ ޾Ƶ ʴ ž ƴ϶, Ű ̴. ſ δ žϼ ٸ ʿ ſ п ٰŸ ִ.

ŷ žӿ ̶ ״ ݴ뿡 Ű ԰ Ǹų Ȥ ϴٰ ϰų Ȥ ſʹ ٰ ϴ ̴. ׷ ʴٸ ž ƴ϶ ϴ Ű ݴϴ ź ϴٴ ؼ ̴.  

ڿ (naturalism)

, ' ڿ ؼ ȭߴ.'̰ ž ʿ ƴϴ. ̰ ü ' ڿ̰ų ڿ ؼ ȭߴٰ ϴ ̶ ׸ װ ڿ ϴ ſ 忡 ؼ ʴ´ٸ װ ؼ ո ' ڿ ȭߴٴ ̴. ڿ 翡 ŵ ׿ ݴǴ ŵ麸 ϰų Ȥ ڿ ȭ ̶ ž Ǿ ̴.

츮 ŷڵ ڿ ؼ ȭѴٰ κ ŷڿ ڿڵ ׵ ϴ Ű ſ ̾ϴٰ Ư Dz̳, ׽ Ȥ Ÿ Ŭν ϴٰ ϰ ִ.

׷Ƿ 츮 ʴ ž ƴϸ ŷڵ̳ ⵶ ȣڵ ո ƴϴ. ׷ ⵶ ȣڵ ׵ ⵶ ϰ װ ޾Ƶ ʴ ͵ ž ̶ Ѵٸ ȣڵ ̼ ž ݸ鿡 ׵ ݴڵ ̼ ž ٰ ̴. ణ ϸ ŷڵ ڿڵ ε žӰ  ǹ̷δ žӿ ٰŸ ƴ϶ ϱ Ѵ.

б ڷ

reader comments

Thomas Aquinas, Summa contra Gentiles, translated,
with an introd. and notes, by Anton C. Pegis (Garden City, N.Y., Image Books [1955-57]).

Rachels, James. "God and Human Attitudes," in Religious Studies 7 (1971). Reprinted in Philosophy and the Human Condition, 2nd. ed. (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1989), pp. 509-518.

Copyright 1999
Robert Todd Carroll

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