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Robert Todd Carroll

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astrology

..ϴÿ ...

ִ ( ̵ ɸ ̵),츮 ڽ̳ ּ 츮 ó ġ ϱ⿣ Ÿ ƴϴ. źڵ, ǰ ʸ , 忡 ִ , ȸ  о߿ ؼ ݵ ⿩ ġ . , װͿ ϰ ذϰų, ݵ ̳ ý ̷/ ʴ. "--I.W. ̸, " : ", 931

", ð ġ ϰ ̽ ȿ ݽζ⸦ ãƳ, ̶ ϱ ƴٴ ȵȴ."--ϳ׽ ÷"

 If you want to know who controls your soul
don't look to Mars or Venus;
Look instead to the President
for the danger's in his penis.
                            [author unknown to me]
 

λ ġ ¾ ð ü(׼, ༺, ¾, ) ġ ӿ (divination) ̴. ɸδ ̶, ڽ ؿ ݺм ̿ϴ ̴. ( ׸񿡼 Ͽ Ѵ.ɸ ؼ ƽƮμ(astrotherapy) ׸ ϶.)

߿ θ ˷ , Sun Sign Astrology̴. Horoscope(12ÿ ) ϰ ִ ϰ ̴. 12ÿ ̿ ̴. Horoscope ܾ, ¾ ð "Ȳ 12õ(12 ) ϱ⵵ Ѵ. 12ڸ ϴ 12 ϰ ִ ¿ Ѽ ̸ ٿ ̴. (Ȳڸ, ڸ, ) ¾ ް ֿ ༺ δ, 12 õ ִ. а ߺ  ϱ , а ߺ 2,000⿡ 뷫 30 ʿ ִ. 뿡 ̸ٿ Ȳ 12õ ڸ ġ ̻ ڸ ǹߴ ġ ġ ʴ´. , 2,000 ¾ٸ, ݰ ٸ ¸ ¾ ȴ.

, ȸ(tropical) ٰ Ͱ ׼ ٰ зȴ. ( ̿ ̵ ٸ ü踦 ̿ϰ ִ.) ȸͳ(tropical year)Ǵ ¾ ¾翡 ٰϰ ǰ, а ̵ а ҿ ð(365 5 48 48 ) 1̶ Ѵ.׼ ׼ ٰϰ ְ, ¾ 1 ϴ 365 6 9 9.5 ) 1̶ Ѵ. ׼ ȸͳ⺸ٵ , ġħ  ϰ, 1⿡ 50.27 Ȳ ߽ ݾ ̵ϱ ̴. ׼ , ¾ ¿ ʸ Ͽ ϰ , ȸ 30 ¸ ٰѴ. ȸ θ ˷ ̰ 簡 1 ° . ȸ ǽ ,̰ 簡 ϰ ¾ ༺, ׸ µ ġ ؼ Ѵ. ׼ ̿ Ҽ̰, ׼ ¾ ¾翡 ¸ ٰŷ ģ.

ȣϴ θ ˷ ̶ ̰ ̴. , ϰ ְ õ ⵿ ƳҴٴ ε ü , Ǵٴ ٰŷδ ϴ. 뷫 3,000, Į ̳ ƽø ƴ. 450,ٺδϾ 12 ¿ 12õ ´. ׷ ٺ Ҹ , ׸--˷ ôκ θ ñ- ̵ ʸ ߴ.

õ Ȯ, ԰ ǻ縦 ⵶ θ 鼭 پ. ׻󽺱 ȿ ٽ ѹ α⸦ ã, װ κδ ̳ õп ̴. ⵶ ڵ Ͽ, ׸ 1585⿡, Ȳ 5 ߴ. ̰Ͱ ÿ, ÷ ۿ () ջ״.

ұ

ȣϴ ι° , ϰ, õü ΰ ǰ ΰ谡 ִٴ ϴ ڷῡ ؼ ޹ħȴٴ ̴. , ̸ ȭ ȿ(Mars effect) ϸ, ƴϰ ¾ ̶ Ѵ. , װ ¾ ð ȭ ġ м ٰ ̴. , 쿬 ũٰ Ǿ ִ. ٸ ̿ ʰ 쿬 ؼ Ǵ ٸ ʴ´ٰ Ѵ. , ȭ ġ ¾ ð 谡 ִٰ ϴ, װ ༺ ġ ¿ ؼ ϼ ̿ ΰ谡 ִٴ ǹϰų Ÿ ƴϴ. x y ִٰ ͸δ, x y ̶ ո ϱ⿡ ϴ. x y ̿ 迡 Ǽ ִٰ ϴ, ΰ谡 ո ϱ ƴϴ. ̰ 谡 ΰ踦 ϱ ̴.

ΰ踦 , ׷ ȣ 鿡 ־ ŷ ̴. Ŭ Ѵ.  "3,458 ߿, ߽ÿ ¾ 703̾ϴ. 쿬 , ̷ ο 572 Դϴ. ̷ Ͼ ɼ 100 1Դϴ."[Michel Gauquelin, "Spheres of Influence," Psychology Today (Brit.), No. 7, October 1975, pp. 22-27. Reprinted in Philosophy of Science and the Occult (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1982)]. ༺ ų ų, ڿ ϰų, Ȥ 踦 Ÿ Ȯϴٰ ִ. ׷ ְ װ ϸ, ߿ ̳, ΰ ִ ͵ ʴ ̻ ̴.

, ȣϴ " ֱ ֱ ġϰ ִ"簡, "¾ ߷ ٴ ĵ ų ϴ" Ѵ. ٴ幰 ģٸ ΰ ĥ ִٴ ̴. ް  Ѱ? ΰ ӿ ڶ ü 70% ̴. ¾ ڱ̳ ߷忡 ؼ Ѳ ޴´ٸ, ΰ ̷ ֱ ΰ ޴´ٰ ϴ и ʴ°? и ޴ δ. ޿ (moon studies) ̰ ʴ´.

, ¾ ¾̳ ̳ ༺ ġ ߿ϴٰ Ѵ. ׷, ̳ ־, ¾ ° º ߿ ΰ? ƴ϶ ź ߿ϴٰ ϰ Ǿ°? ǰ ³ Ȳ,(԰), Ʒ ο ̳, ׷ ¼ ȭ , , ڿ ϰų Ȥ ϰ ġ ͺ ߿ ʴ°? ¾ ༺ 츮 ̰  Ͱ ִ ֿ °?

¾ ް, ̵ ġ ̳ ༺ ϸ, κ õü 츮κ ָ ֱ , ̷ ִ , ¾ ⿡ ϰ . , ΰ ִ ̳  ͵, ָ õü 麸 ߿ δ. , 츮 Ư Ȳ ġ ִٰ Ѵٸ, 츮 ̷ Ȳ ؼ ̴. , ȯ濡 ͺ, ׼̳ ༺ ġ λ ־ ߿ϴٰ ϴ ,츮 ϴ ̸, 츮 Ͽ ִ . ( Ʊ ô뿡 簡 ٴ ູϴ. մ ¾  ? Ͼ ƴϴ. ٶ δ . ð ϴ ̴.  ź̶ ? ΰ? â Ͼ ΰ? Ӹī̳ ٸ ó ϱ ٸ ̳ Ӹī 굵 ǥ Ͽ ϱ ߷ȴ ϱ׷ , ð ϱ ǻ糪 ȣ簡 ð[ó ð谡 Ȯ ɼ ´ٸ ] ϱ)

ٴ幰̳ ڿ ġ ľϱ ؼ, ó Ȳ 谡 ߾ Ȳ ȵȴٵ, Ǵ ڰ Ȯ ׼̳ ༺ ġ ȵȴٰ Ͱ ʴ. ĵ ̸ ˰ , ٴٳ ó ġ ʿ , ٴٿ Ǿ ˾ƾ ʿ . ̳ ä ˷ ϴ , ó Ȳ Ȳ ؼ ߿ ʴ. ٴ幰̳ Ĺ Ͽ ̷ ̶, ΰ 쵵 ƴұ 

ΰ谡 ƴϴ

ŷ, ż  õ ϴ ߸ ߰ߵȴ. ȣϴ , ̷ ߸ Ͽ Aubery Burl ο ξ ̴.

    ...κ ȯ (, õü celestial sightline 쿬 ã ִ ɼ ſ . ׷ ũƮ Ĺ,...27.1 m x 24.4m ȯ󿭼 12 ׸ ֺ и , ⿡ sightline ֱ ǥ ϴ. ׷Ƿ ƹ͵ ߰ Ѵٴ ̻ϴ. [The Stone Circles of the British Isles (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1976), p. 50.]

,ֻ 2 ӿ 20ȸ Ͽ pass ϴ Ȯ ſ ̷ Ͼ. ӿ ȸ ǽϸ Ͼ ϰ Ͼ. , "Ģ" ߳ ̴ ̶, ؼ ϸ, Ģ ߳ ƴ 𸥴.

, Ϻ ڸ Ȯϴٰ Ѵ. ĶϾ ̺񽺴п ڻ ϰ 縦 ġ ִ ᵵ ϰ ִ. ׺ ũ Ͻð, ִ ǻ α׷ ִ. ״ ݴ ˰ ־. Ӹ ƴ϶ δ ̰ ٴ ͵ ߴ. ׷ ״ ´´ٰ ϰ ִ. ̷ " ´´" ̷Ӵ. ̰ ǹϴ ϱ?

⺻, ´´ٶ , մ ִٰ ǹϰ ִ. ´´ٰ , ΰ ൿ̳ , ܼ 쿬 ̻ Ȯϴٴ ǹ̴ ƴϴ. ̷ ϴ κ ͵ ȭ (testimonials)̴. ڽſ ؼ Ȯϰ Ÿ ְ , ڽſ ְ ִٰ ϴ մ ִ. ̷ ŵ ´ٴ ϴ ƴ϶, ݵ (cold reading), ȿ(the Forer effect), Ȯ ȿ(confirmation bias) ϴ Ϳ Ұϴ. , ̰ ƴϴ.  íƮ ־, ڽŵ̳ Ȥ ׵ íƮ ؼ ̸ ߱ ؼ Ѵٴ ִ. ̳ ݿ κ ָ , ٸ ڸ Ե ´ ̴. κ ڸ ϰ , 쿬 о ʴ., ٰŸ κе ұϰ, 鿡 αⰡ ִ. ̱ ۽Ʈ ̵̿ ÷̰ǰ γ ̰ , ڸ ð ִ ӱⰣ 翡 ϰ ִ. ̰κ , 麸ٵ ũٴ ̴.

źϴ ð ༺̳ ׼,,,༺,׼ õü, Ȧ ġ Ǿٴ Ѱ? Ȯ, ɼ ִ. ̷ ɼ ݴ ɼ( ̷ ͵ ߿ϰ ϴٰ) Ŭ ٰŵ ִ°? . ̷ Ͼ Ǹ ϳ ʴ. ׷ Ȳڸ̰ 츮 󸶳 ˰ ִ.

õ ׸񣺾ƽƮμ (astrotherapy ), (full moon


б ڷ

reader comments

Burl, Aubrey. The Stone Circles of the British Isles (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1976).

Culver, Roger B. and Philip A. Ianna. Astrology, True or False? : A Scientific Evaluation (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1988).

Dean, Geoffrey and Arthur Mather and Ivan W. Kelly, "Astrology," in The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal, ed. G. Stein (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1996).

Gauquelin, Michel. "Spheres of Influence," Psychology Today [Brit], No. 7, October 1975, pp. 22-27; reprinted in Philosophy of Science and the Occult (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990), 

Jerome, Lawrence E. Astrology Disproved (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1977).

Kelly, I.W. , G.A. Dean and D.H. Saklofske, "Astrology, A Critical Review," in Philosophy of Science and the Occult (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990), 2nd edition, editor Patrick Grim; pp. 51-81.

Kelly, I.W. "Modern Astrology: A Critique," Psychological Reports, 1997, 81, 1035-1066.

Kelly, I.W.  "Why Astrology Doesn't Work," Psychological Reports, 1998, 82, 527-546.

Martens, R., & Trachet, T. (1998) Making Sense of Astrology (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1998). 

Randi, James. Flim-Flam! (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books,1982), chapter 4. Nature, Vol. 318 p. 419 (5 December 1985).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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